Navy diver dredging for WWII MIA Avenger crew Walter E. “Bert” Mintus and Lt. Roland Richard Houle found by Project Recover

Underwater Recovery of WWII MIA Avenger & Hellcat Crew Remains

Harry MIAs, Repatriations 35 Comments

Underwater Recovery of WWII MIA Avenger & Hellcat Crew Remains

March 4th, 2018, Palau.

The Project Recover team is pleased to share the news of an underwater recovery of World War II MIA remains from two aircraft, an Avenger and Hellcat, located by Project Recover. On February 23, a repatriation ceremony was held at Koror Airport, Palau. The MIA remains are on their way to DPAA laboratories for final identification.

Once identified, the remains will be returned to their respective families for burial at last.

In May 2016, Project Recover announced they had located the underwater wreck of the TBM-1C Avenger, missing since July 1944 in the waters surrounding Palau. The aircraft was discovered using advanced research methods which have proven to be very successful in locating submerged aircraft and associated Americans missing in action since WWII. Several years of historical research by Project Recover team members played a critical role in narrowing the underwater search region in which the wreckage was ultimately found. The Avenger crashed into the sea 1944 with three American servicemen onboard while carrying out a carrier-based strike; all three aviators were declared missing in action.

“It’s about locating the missing to enable the U.S. government to bring them home for a proper burial.” Said Dr. Eric Terrill, one of Project Recover’s founding members. “Repatriation of the remains is a significant milestone in the process of bringing closure to the families of those lost”. Terrill was part of the team of divers which first dove the missing crash site in 2016.

A detailed location was shared with DPAA for official identification, recovery, and repatriation of the missing. DPAA U.S. Navy Divers opened the Palau TBM-1C Avenger site for excavation and are using a specialized vacuum system to search for evidence of remains. The DPAA team received tremendous support from the Military Sealift Command ship USNS Salvor and the US Navy 7th Fleet Mobile Diving and Salvage Unit 1-1. The team worked from sunrise to sunset for over 50 days straight. The team’s only break came from a tropical storm the forced the ship out to sea. DPAA’s recovery mission could not have been a success without the close and positive working relationship between DPAA and the Ministry of Culture, specifically the Bureau of Culture and Historic Preservation.

At this stage, the identity of the remains is not released until DNA confirmation is positive, and the next of kin are notified by the Navy casualty office. 

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The driving force for Project Recover is to help reunite families with their loved ones. “Bearing witness to families finally embracing a loved one’s return is a main driving force for the team.” Dan O’Brien said.

WWII MIA Remains Recovered

Once they locate and survey, the WWII MIA TBM Avenger and F6f Hellcat sites, the Project Recover team hands over all their information to DPAA for the future recovery operations. DPAA opens the site and begins a painstaking and detailed survey process and recovery of the Naval aviators, culminating in their repatriation to the families. 

“It’s very labor-intensive work and they’ve had a large amount of bottom time making this operation successful. The Mobile Diving and Salvage Company used 1-6 divers for this job pulling more than 12 hour days for the past two months,” said Lt. Cmdr. Tim Emge, 7th Fleet Salvage Officer, as reported in Defense Visual Information Distribution Service.

Search and Recovery

Search and recovery is a long, arduous process. The USNS Salvor, a Navy rescue and salvage ship operated by civilian mariners housed operations. The US Navy 7th Mobile Diving Fleet and Salvage unit 1-1 worked from sunrise to sunset, for 50 days straight. Dives continued at an hour each as teams rotated the dredge operations filling large containers with sediment. Hours were then spent hand sifting through the sediment searching for remains.

Salvor did a four-point moor over the aircraft, submerging sifting boxes 90 feet below the surface for divers to fill. Each basket was approximately 4 x 8 x 4 1/2 taking 5-6 hours to fill. Filling lasted about an hour each. The team’s archaeologist led the sifting for artifacts.

Successful recovery calls for the collaboration of highly specialized skills and experts from multiple disciplines. The team included a forensic archaeologist, forensic photographer, an explosive ordnance disposal technician, as well as experts in other fields.

Project Recover and Technology

Locating the F6F Hellcat and TBM-1C Avenger wreck sites in the waters around Palau depends on cooperative information sharing and focus on the mission. Project Recover’s success in finding and documenting potential sites for MIAs relies on time-consuming research and the latest in underwater sonar and scanning technologies. The team constantly trains with new technology.

These recoveries are possible by the ongoing support of the Palau National Government, Koror State Government, the Bureau of Cultural and Historical Preservation, the Environmental Quality Protection Board, and other Palauan officials working side by side with DPAA.

To learn more and obtain the latest information on Project Recover/BentProp adventures, make sure to sign up for our newsletter below.

Thank you for your support,
The Team

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Comments 35

  1. I am an old retired Army E8 and a Vietnam Air Cavalry door gunner. It is good to know someone cares enough to repatriate the missing service members of past wars. My sincere appreciation as the son of a WW2 Infantryman veteran.

  2. I am one of the extremely lucky ones whose father was a Hellcat pilot in VF20 on the Enterprise in 1944 and came home 5 ½ years before I was born. For this reason I am interested in the work you are doing and deeply sympathize with the families of those who did not come home.

      1. Even though my brother’s B25 crashed off the shores of the Philippine Islands and parts of the aircraft and remains of the five crew members are not recoverable, it is still gratifying to know that total effort continues for repatriation. Families of the Avengers must be experiencing such joy even after so many years. Thank you.

        1. Who knows what the future holds and what capabilities we will have moving forwards, but we will keep doing what we can.

  3. Wow…you guys are doing a fantastic job bringing must needed closure to those families who always wondered….”what happened to ????”. Keep up the good work! Love hearing about the overall progress –

  4. I’m so grateful that people exist who care enough to complete missions like these. My cousin went down in a F6F Hellcat in January of ‘44 in the Rabaul area. Are there any plans to locate the missing in this area?

  5. Heartwarming for the families. So glad you all thought it was important enough to spend your precious time in the search for our heroes. Thank you.

  6. Thank you for being part of my Great Uncle ‘s[ Walter Mintus] funeral this past weekend. What a range of emotions that I went through. By seeing all of my many cousins who were there , it proved all of us heard the story many times about Uncle Bert from our parents. I have never met more kind and humble people than the team from Project Recover.

    Thank you
    Bill Kozak

  7. Hello and thanks,
    I’m searching for any info on my uncle and namesake,
    Michael Max Cohen. He was lost, according to the docs i have, on Sept 8, 1944, as well.
    That search brought me here.

    I believe, so far.
    Arm 3rd at time of photo on Essex (cv-9) in May 44.
    Arm 2nd in docs following.
    With vt-15 on Essex (cv-9)
    From Far Rockaway, NY
    I have BuNo, not sure what that is.
    Lost at Palau, according to docs i have.
    Avenger tbm-1c, i think.
    ANY info or referral would be greatly appreciated.
    Thank you.

    Michael Mark Cohen

    1. Hello Michael, we will be contacting you soon about your Uncle Michael and what we know of his loss.
      We have two articles on our website that include steps you can take to learn what is known about your Uncle, as well as provide your own information to the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA).

      ● How To Research Your Family’s MIA includes the first three steps you can take to get started. It includes DPAA resources, family meetings, and casualty office phone numbers.
      ○ Click here: https://www.projectrecover.org/research-your-familys-mia/

      ● Finding Heaven Can Wait; Kelly Family Shares MIA Research – The Kelly Family Shares Research reveals the steps the Kelly Family Research team took to research the possible location of the downed B-24, Heaven Can Wait. After five years of research, they turned their findings over to Project Recover which located the B-24 in October 2017.
      ○ Click here: https://www.projectrecover.org/family-shares-mia-research/

      Blue Skies,
      dan

  8. I pay tribute to the men of the US armed forces that helped keep Australia free, along with our Armed forces. I follow your work and results with great interest and respect your search and recovery endeavours and the closure you provide to many families after all these years. I just wish I was younger to somehow assist in person at your sites, considering how close many of your locations are to Brisbane in Australia. Of course, Brisbane was the jumping off point and R&R location for many of your service men throughout the war. Again, I salute your valuable work and long may it continue to bring your people home.
    Respectfully yours,
    Vic Suchocki
    Brisbane, Queensland,
    Australia

  9. I think your work is fantastic. I wish that you would recover my uncles B25 bomber and crew that crashed into Borgen Bay at Cape Gloucester, New Britain in December 1943. The wreck is located about 1/2 mile from Silimanti Point. I don’t believe the water is overly deep in looking at the charts of the area. There are at least two B25’s in that bay that were shot down by friendly fire on December 26th 1943 and my uncle perished in one of them. The other plane piloted by Colonel True crashed and all but one man escaped to fly again but my uncles(Marshall Thomas Marks) crew was all KIA upon their crash-

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